What resources are exploited in Africa?

What resources are exploited in Africa?

With oil, gas, timber, diamonds, gold, coltan and bauxite, Africa is home to some of the largest deposits of natural resources in the world. Revenues from their extraction should provide funds for badly needed development, but instead have fuelled state corruption, environmental degradation, poverty and violence.

How Africa was exploited?

The exploitation of Africa began with the wars inspired to procure enslaved people and the export of the most fit and strong members of Africa’s population. It continued with colonisation in the nineteenth century.

How do natural resources affect Africa?

Africa’s natural resource economy contributes greatly to the continent’s built environment, or human-made buildings and structures. The largest engineering projects and urban areas are directly linked to the production and trade of resources such as water, oil, and minerals.

What are the types of exploitation of natural resources?

Natural resources are not limitless, and the following consequences can arise from the careless and excessive consumption of these resources:

  • Deforestation.
  • Desertification.
  • Extinction of species.
  • Forced migration.
  • Soil erosion.
  • Oil depletion.
  • Ozone depletion.
  • Greenhouse gas increase.

Why is Africa poor even though it has many natural resources?

Corruption and bad leadership have also been blamed for the lack of development of African countries. Other factors such as poor institutions and cross border conflicts have also been blamed for the underdevelopment of Africa, even in the face of natural resource abundance.

What are the main natural resources of Africa?

The continent has 40 percent of the world’s gold and up to 90 percent of its chromium and platinum. The largest reserves of cobalt, diamonds, platinum and uranium in the world are in Africa. It holds 65 per cent of the world’s arable land and ten percent of the planet’s internal renewable fresh water source.

Are African countries exploited?

The continent of Africa endows a large amount of natural resources that has been extracted and exploited for centuries. However, many African countries still rank among the poorest nations on the globe. The exploitation and sale of their natural resources to western corporations have not helped Africans escape poverty.

What are the main causes of exploitation of natural resources?

Reasons for Overexploitation of Natural Resources

  • Overpopulation. Over 7.8 billion people are living on the planet today.
  • Poor Farming Practices.
  • Logging.
  • Pollution.
  • Overconsumption of natural resources.
  • Industrial and Technological Development.

What are the consequences of exploitation of natural resources?

In short, raw material extraction and processing always impact on the environment, resulting as they do in soil degradation, water shortages, biodiversity loss, damage to ecosystem functions and global warming exacerbation.

What is the main cause of poverty in Africa?

The study found that poverty in Africa is caused by a number of factors including corruption and poor governance, limited employment opportunities, poor infrastructure, poor resource usage, wars and unending conflicts, poor World Bank and IMF policies, among others.

Does Africa lack natural resources?

Africa is rich in natural resources ranging from arable land, water, oil, natural gas, minerals, forests and wildlife. The continent holds a huge proportion of the world’s natural resources, both renewables and non-renewables.

What resources were stolen from Africa?

Its palm oil, petroleum, copper, chromium, platinum and in particular gold were and are crucial to the later world economy. Only South America, at the zenith of its silver mines, outranks Africa’s contribution to the growth of the global bullion supply.

What are the consequences of exploitation of nature?

Natural resources exploitation, exploration, mining and processing have caused different types of environmental damages which include ecological disturbances, destruction of natural flora and fauna, pollution of air, water and land, instability of soil and rock masses, landscape degradation, desertification and global …

How can we prevent exploitation of natural resources?

Conserving natural resources is a broad topic, but here are 10 things we can do to start protecting the earth’s resources.

  1. Make Electricity Use More Efficient.
  2. Use More Renewable Energy.
  3. Promote Sustainable Fishing Rules.
  4. Avoid Single-Use Plastics.
  5. Drive Less.
  6. Recycle More and Improve Recycling Systems.

Why Africa is poor despite its natural resources?

What are the development problems in Africa?

These endemic problems range from abject poverty, violence, underutilise agriculture, infrastructure, lack of access to credit facilities, social fractionalisation, poor health facilities, poor education to catastrophic civil unrest; which are linked to illiteracy, lack of proper institution and exploitation by corrupt …

Why was Africa robbed of their history?

Most of Europe’s gold between 1000 A.D. and 1500 A.D. came from West Africa. All our history was stolen from us. We were robbed of a history because Europeans wanted to justify an economic order which depended upon our ancestors’ exploitation.

How does exploitation of natural resources affect the environment?

What are the consequences of over exploitation of natural resources?


The disappearance of habitats essential for flora and fauna and, therefore, the extinction of species.

Is Africa still rich in natural resources?

What are the causes of underdevelopment in Africa?

The following are the leading causes of underdevelopment in Africa:

  • Corruption.
  • Poor government policies.
  • Unemployment.
  • Insufficient infrastructure.
  • High Levels of Illiteracy.
  • Unfavourable business conditions.
  • Insufficient Skilled Labour.
  • Poor Public Project Supervision.

What are 3 major problems in Africa?

Security. Intra-state conflict, terrorism, and unconstitutional changes of government are three of the biggest security issues in Africa to monitor in 2022. These are ongoing concerns, and the continental response (especially that of the AU Peace and Security Council (PSC)) to these threats will be closely observed.

What are the top 10 problems in Africa?

Top challenges facing Africa today

  • Poverty.
  • Poor Education.
  • Ill Health.
  • Violence.
  • Hunger.
  • Sustainable agriculture, nutrition and food security.
  • Access to financing.
  • Economic growth rate is far too low.

Is Africa poor because of colonization?

Simple answer: No. Long answer: Africans never learned from the events of colonization.

What are the effects of over exploitation of resources?

Overexploitation or overfishing is the removal of marine living resources to levels that are too low for sustaining viable populations. Ultimately, overexploitation can lead to resource depletion and put a number of threatened and endangered species at risk of extinction. See also the article Species extinction.