What is the meaning conditionality?

What is the meaning conditionality?

Conditionality is a simple English word that refers to the quality of being dependent on certain specified conditions. It can be applied to any situation in which a situation, event, or process is contingent upon some condition being met.

What is ex post conditionality?

Ex-post/negative conditionality refers to the use of enforcement and pressure – in the form of a reduction or suspension of benefits – to obtain desired political changes or reforms in an ongoing relationship or during the course of an agreement.

What is the plural of conditionality?

conditionality (countable and uncountable, plural conditionalities) (uncountable) A state of being subject to conditions.

What does this word mean conditionally?

1 : subject to, implying, or dependent upon a condition a conditional promise. 2 : expressing, containing, or implying a supposition the conditional clause if he speaks.

What is the conditionality mechanism?

What exactly is the conditionality mechanism? The mechanism is a new tool meant to protect the EU’s financial interests against breaches of rule of law taking place inside a member state.

What is political conditionality?

In political economy and international relations, conditionality is the use of conditions attached to the provision of benefits such as a loan, debt relief or bilateral aid.

Why does the IMF impose conditionality?

These policy adjustments are conditions for IMF loans and serve to ensure that the country will be able to repay the IMF. This system of conditionality is designed to promote national ownership of strong and effective policies.

What is conditionality in international political economy?

Should you vs IF YOU?

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These two sentences are very similar in meaning. But ‘Should you have…’ or ‘If you should have…’ may be used in preference to ‘If you have…’ if we want to suggest a slight possibility of something happening or when we are making suggestions or giving advice.

What is a conditional example?

A conditional sentence is based on the word ‘if’. There are always two parts to a conditional sentence – one part beginning with ‘if’ to describe a possible situation, and the second part which describes the consequence. For example: If it rains, we’ll get wet.

How do you use conditional in a sentence?

How to use Conditional in a sentence. Certain sacrifices of animals he explains as intended to transfer a conditional curse. These act as endowments for a specific period, and are conditional on the holder devoting his time to the investigation at first hand of some specified subject.

What is rule of law conditionality mechanism?

What does the conditionality of the EU budget refer to?

The Conditionality Regulation, adopted in December 2020, allows the suspension of payments and budgetary commitments to Member States in which breaches of the rule of law ‘affect or seriously risk affecting’ the management of EU funds.

What is conditionality in political economy?

Who created neoliberalism?

Neoliberalism began accelerating in importance with the establishment of the Mont Pelerin Society in 1947, whose founding members included Friedrich Hayek, Milton Friedman, Karl Popper, George Stigler and Ludwig von Mises.

What is the major criticism of conditionality in IMF lending?

Loss of Sovereignty : A Chief Criticism is that conditionality undermines domestic political institutions. The recipient governments are sacrificing policy autonomy in exchange for funds, which can lead to public resentment of the local leadership for accepting and enforcing the IMF conditions.

When did IMF conditionality start?

expansion of conditionality started in the mid-1980s, prompted by the push of the United States for programmes to include a structural, supply-side orientation and the associated introduction of the Structural Adjustment Facility (Babb 2009; Boughton 2001; Toye 1994).

Was your or were your?

Was is used in the first person singular (I) and the third person singular (he, she, it). Were is used in the second person singular and plural (you, your, yours) and first and third person plural (we, they). I was driving to the park. You were drinking some water.

Would have VS would have had?

Another Third Conditional Tense: “Would have had”
The “if” clause paired with “would have had” is in past perfect tense. In order to sound more natural, native English speakers usually shorten “would have” to “would’ve.” It sounds far more natural to use “would’ve” in most situations.

What are the 4 types of conditionals?

There are four main kinds of conditionals:

  • The Zero Conditional: (if + present simple, present simple)
  • The First Conditional: (if + present simple, will + infinitive)
  • The Second Conditional: (if + past simple, would + infinitive)
  • The Third Conditional. (if + past perfect, would + have + past participle)

What are the 3 types of conditional?


Conditional sentence type Usage If clause verb tense
Zero General truths Simple present
Type 1 A possible condition and its probable result Simple present
Type 2 A hypothetical condition and its probable result Simple past
Type 3 An unreal past condition and its probable result in the past Past perfect

What is foreign aid conditionality?

A positive conditionality means that the aid provider can reduce, suspend or terminate the aid if the government does not follow the conditions, while a negative conditionality consists of provisions that the donor can give as rewards when the government fulfills the requirements.

What is the main goal of neoliberalism?

Neoliberalism is contemporarily used to refer to market-oriented reform policies such as “eliminating price controls, deregulating capital markets, lowering trade barriers” and reducing, especially through privatization and austerity, state influence in the economy.

What is the opposite of neoliberalism?

Post-neoliberalism, also known as anti-neoliberalism, is a set of ideals characterized by its rejection of neoliberalism and the economic policies embodied by the Washington Consensus.

Why is the IMF so controversial?

The IMF has drawn vocal criticism over the years. In his 2002 book, Globalization and Its Discontents, Nobel Prize–winning economist Joseph Stiglitz denounced the fund as a primary culprit in the failed development policies implemented in some of the world’s poorest countries.