What is DNS hostname resolution?

What is DNS hostname resolution?

Domain Name System (DNS) is a standard by which names used on the internet are resolved to their corresponding IP addresses. A DNS hostname is a name that uniquely and absolutely names a computer; it’s composed of a host name and a domain name. DNS servers resolve DNS hostnames to their corresponding IP addresses.

What protocol is used by DNS name servers?


DNS uses TCP for Zone transfer and UDP for name, and queries either regular (primary) or reverse. UDP can be used to exchange small information whereas TCP must be used to exchange information larger than 512 bytes.

What does the DNS protocol do?

DNS servers convert URLs and domain names into IP addresses that computers can understand and use. They translate what a user types into a browser into something the machine can use to find a webpage. This process of translation and lookup is called DNS resolution.

What are the 2 types of DNS query resolution types?

In general, there are two ways of resolving a host or a domain name to an IP address, using the domain name system – a Recursive query and a non-Recursive query.

How does name resolution work?

The Internet’s DNS system works much like a phone book by managing the mapping between names and numbers. DNS servers translate requests for names into IP addresses, controlling which server an end user will reach when they type a domain name into their web browser. These requests are called queries.

Why is name resolution important?

Name resolution is essential in converting hostnames and IP addresses for network communications. Here’s how the process resolves hostnames, queries servers and finds IP addresses. Name resolution is the process of associating names and IP addresses, and it’s one of the most essential services on a network.

Is DNS port 53 TCP or UDP?

DNS has always been designed to use both UDP and TCP port 53 from the start 1 , with UDP being the default, and fall back to using TCP when it is unable to communicate on UDP, typically when the packet size is too large to push through in a single UDP packet.

Why does DNS use UDP over TCP?

1) UDP is much faster. TCP is slow as it requires a 3-way handshake. The load on DNS servers is also an important factor. DNS servers (since they use UDP) don’t have to keep connections.

What are the 3 types of DNS?

There are three main kinds of DNS Servers — primary servers, secondary servers, and caching servers.

  • Primary Server. The primary server is the authoritative server for the zone.
  • Secondary Servers. Secondary servers are backup DNS Servers.
  • Caching Servers.

What is DNS in simple words?

The Domain Name System (DNS) turns domain names into IP addresses, which browsers use to load internet pages. Every device connected to the internet has its own IP address, which is used by other devices to locate the device.

What are the three 3 types of DNS queries?

3 types of DNS queries—recursive, iterative, and non-recursive.

What is the first step in the DNS name resolution process?

How Does the DNS Process Work?

  1. Step 1: Requesting Website Information.
  2. Step 2: Contact the Recursive DNS Servers.
  3. Step 3: Query the Authoritative DNS Servers.
  4. Step 4: Access the DNS Record.
  5. Step 5: Final DNS Step.
  6. Authoritative DNS Server.
  7. Recursive Nameserver.

What is name resolution and its types?

Converting a name into the address required by a machine or network. For example, in a TCP/IP network (the worldwide standard), common examples of name resolution are converting a human-readable name assigned to a computer to its IP address in the network or converting a domain name to its IP address on the Internet.

Why does DNS run over UDP instead of TCP?


The DHCP employs a connectionless service model, using the User Datagram Protocol (UDP). It is implemented with two UDP port numbers for its operations which are the same as for the bootstrap protocol (BOOTP).

Why do DNS and DHCP use UDP?

Since DHCP is inherently connectionless, UDP makes more sense. Second, the DHCP client does not have an IP address assigned until the DHCP process is complete.

What are the 4 DNS servers?

In all, there are four different DNS servers involved in loading a webpage (assuming it’s not already cached on the user’s computer or device):

How Does DNS Work?

  • DNS recursor.
  • Root nameserver.
  • TLD nameserver.
  • Authoritative nameserver.

What is a DNS Example?

DNS, or the Domain Name System, translates human readable domain names (for example, www.amazon.com) to machine readable IP addresses (for example, 192.0. 2.44).

Where is DNS located?

Open your Command Prompt from the Start menu (or type “Cmd” into the search in your Windows task bar). Next, type ipconfig/all into your command prompt and press Enter. Look for the field labeled “DNS Servers.” The first address is the primary DNS server, and the next address is the secondary DNS server.

What are DNS types?

The three DNS server types server are the following: DNS stub resolver server. DNS recursive resolver server.

What are the 3 types of DNS queries?

Why do we need name resolution?

Name Resolution is the process of resolving the name of a computer on a network into its network address. Name resolution is an important part of network communication because the logical names of hosts on the network must be resolved into their network addresses before communication can take place.

What ports do DNS use?

Is DHCP Layer 2 or 3?

DHCP works on Layer 2 in the OSI model.

Why does DHCP use 2 ports?

The reason TWO reserved ports are used, is to avoid ‘waking up’ and scheduling the BOOTP server daemons, when a bootreply must be broadcast to a client. Since the server and other hosts won’t be listening on the ‘BOOTP client’ port, any such incoming broadcasts will be filtered out at the kernel level.