IS Kirkuk a Kurdish city?

IS Kirkuk a Kurdish city?

Kirkuk is a central component of the Kurdish story in Iraq. Historically, it is one of the oldest sites of continuous occupation in Iraq, dating back over 5,000 years. According to the Encyclopedia of Islam, the Kurds predate other ethnic groups in Kirkuk, the second oldest ethnic group being the Turkomans.

Why did Iraq invade Kirkuk?

The conflict began on 15 October 2017 after tensions arising from the Kurdistan Region independence referendum of 25 September. The tension between the federal Iraqi government and Kurdistan Region escalated into conflict when the Peshmerga ignored repeated warnings to return Kirkuk to Iraqi government forces.

Who control Kirkuk?

Iraq forces take control of Kirkuk.

Is Kirkuk Kurdistan or Iraq?

Kirkūk, city, capital of Kirkūk muḥāfaẓah (governorate), northeastern Iraq. The city is 145 miles (233 km) north of Baghdad, the national capital, with which it is linked by road and railway. Kirkūk is located near the foot of the Zagros Mountains in the Kurdistan region of Iraq.

Is Kirkuk Sunni or Shia?

Kirkuk is an ethnically mixed oil-rich province of Kurds, Sunni and Shiite Arabs, and Turkmen.

How many Arabs are in Kirkuk?

Best estimates for ethnic groups are that 75% to 80% are Arab and 15% to 20% are Kurds. Significant minority ethnic groups together constitute about 5% of the population. These include Turkmen, Assyrians, and Chaldeans.

IS Kirkuk under Iraqi control?

In October 2017, the Iraqi army restored central government control over the disputed Kirkuk governorate and its oil fields in the country’s north. Since then, multiple federal forces including paramilitaries have policed the area.

How many people are in Kirkuk?

The governorate has an area of 9,679 square kilometres (3,737 sq mi). In 2017 the estimated population was 1,259,561 people. The provincial capital is the city of Kirkuk. It is divided into four districts.


District Total population, 2018
Kirkuk 974,824
Dibis 50,241
Daquq 66,433
Hawija 120,679

Why is Kirkuk important?

Kirkuk gained a reputation for cultural cosmopolitanism for many centuries. However, this long history of diversity and peaceful coexistence among communities gradually turned to divisions after the creation of the state of Iraq by the British in 1921, especially after discovering oil in the city in 1927.

How many Kurds are in Kirkuk?


Census results for Kirkuk Governorate
Mother tongue 1947 (Ethnicity) 1997
Arabic 544,596
Kurdish 151,575 155,861
Turkish 50,099

Is Kirkuk sunni or shia?