How does sodium benzoate affect the body?

How does sodium benzoate affect the body?

Studies suggest that sodium benzoate may increase your risk of inflammation, oxidative stress, obesity, ADHD, and allergies. It may also convert to benzene, a potential carcinogen, but the low levels found in beverages are deemed safe.

How does sodium benzoate affect pH?

Sodium Benzoate is the inactive salt of benzoic acid. It is soluble in water where it converts to benzoic acid, its active form, at a low pH. Benzoic acid is very pH dependent. While it shows some activity up to pH 6 (about 1.55%), it is most active at pH 3 (94%).


pH % Active Benzoic Acid
7 0

Is sodium benzoate acidic?

Sodium benzoate is the sodium salt of benzoic acid, widely used as a food preservative (with an E number of E211) and a pickling agent.

Is sodium benzoate acidic or alkaline?

Benzoic acid, as its name implies, is an acid. Sodium benzoate is a salt of the conjugate base, the OBz- or benzoate ion. Whenever sodium benzoate dissolves in water, it dissociates into its ions. The benzoate ion then acts as a base toward water, picking up a proton to form the conjugate acid and a hydroxide ion.

Is sodium benzoate toxic?

It also has a GRAS (generally regarded as safe) status according to the FDA [7]. Sodium benzoate is considered safe for human health if it is consumed in amounts of less than 5 mg/kg of body weight per day.

Is sodium benzoate carcinogenic?

Sodium benzoate is not known to be carcinogenic on its own. However, there have been concerns by the FDA that when both vitamin C (ascorbic acid) and sodium benzoate are mixed, they form benzene, a known human carcinogen. Benzene is also formed when potassium benzoate is combined with vitamin C.

Does sodium benzoate raise pH?

Benzoic acid is inactivated by non-Ionics and by raising the pH. Benzoic acid (BA) is a commonly used antimicrobial preservative in food and beverages, especially in carbonated beverages, as it presents its strongest antibacterial activity at pH 2.5–4.0.

What happens when sodium benzoate is mixed with vitamin C?

Sodium Benzoate is used as a preservative to prevent food from moulding. In this form it is safe, however, scientists have shown that negative side-effects occur when it is mixed with Ascorbic Acid (vitamin C). Their studies indicate that it then turns into Benzene, a known carcinogen and DNA- damager.

Does sodium benzoate raise blood pressure?

Using high doses causes release of histamine and prostaglandin, ulcers and gastric mucus secretion changes (40, 41). In a study conducted during year 2007, sodium benzoate increased blood pressure, eventually tearing the vessels in the blood cells of the rat (42).

How long does sodium benzoate stay in the body?

Your body doesn’t accumulate sodium benzoate. Rather, you metabolize and excrete it in your urine within 24 hours, which contributes to its safety. Still, some people may be more sensitive to this additive.

Why is sodium benzoate banned?

The Mayo Clinic reported that the preservative sodium benzoate, increases hyperactivity in children. Also, when sodium benzoate combines with ascorbic acid (vitamin C) which is also in most sodas, it can form benzene, a carcinogen that damages DNA in cells and accelerates aging.

What is the pH range for sodium benzoate?

between 2.5-4.0

Detailed Solution. At pH between 2.5-4.0 sodium benzoate is most effective to inhibit the growth of most bacteria. Sodium Benzoate is the inactive salt of benzoic acid. It is soluble in water where it converts to benzoic acid, its active form, at a low pH(<4.0).

Is sodium benzoate with vitamin C safe for skin?

the good:Sodium benzoate is an effective preservative that prevents the growth of molds and bacteria in skincare and cosmetic formulations. the not so good:May interact with vitamin C in formulations. Who is it for? All skin types except those that have an identified allergy to it.

Is sodium benzoate an antioxidant?

Abstract. Background: Sodium benzoate (SB) is a widely used food preservative. However, excessive intake of a high dose of SB poses a risk of neurotoxicity. Ascorbic acid (AA) is a naturally occurring antioxidant found in fruits with reported neuroprotective properties.

Should I avoid sodium benzoate?

Sodium benzoate and potassium benzoate are commonly used food preservatives that are listed among the “generally regarded as safe” (GRAS) compounds by the United States Food and Drug Administration, and can be present in foods at a concentration up to 0.1%.

Is sodium benzoate good for liver?

The authors concluded that sodium benzoate may increase ammonia levels and that their data do not support use of this drug for managing HE in patients with cirrhosis.

Is sodium benzoate good for kidneys?

With more protection offered in the curative than preventive models of treatment. In conclusion, the results demonstrate that Sodium benzoate damages kidney structure and function and is a nephrotoxic substance.

Does sodium benzoate affect kidneys?

Is sodium benzoate safe for liver?