What policy did Sir John Shore follow?
Answer: John Shore, as Governor-General, avoided war and confrontation. His policy was to consolidate and govern the colonial state well without engaging in unnecessary foreign adventures. During his presidency, there were five years of peace.
What were the judicial reforms introduced by the British?
Judiciary Reforms Cornwallis established courts in the districts, provinces and states. The highest court was the Supreme Court of Calcutta. There were separate courts for civil and criminal cases. Cornwallis abolished court fees and then lawyers were to prescribe their fees.
Who became the governor general after Sir John Shore?
Sir Alured Clarke
John Shore, 1st Baron Teignmouth
|The Right Honourable The Lord Teignmouth|
|Preceded by||The Earl Cornwallis|
|Succeeded by||Sir Alured Clarke (Acting Governor-General)|
When did Lord Cornwallis came to India?
Lord Cornwallis twice held the high post of governor general. His first tenure lasted from 1786 to 1793. For second time, he came to India in 1805, but died before he could do any wonders again.
What was shore Grant debate?
John Shore maintained that the Zamindars were the owners of the land and the State had the right to a customary revenue from them. James Grant, on the other-hand held the view that the State was the owner of all land and the state had the right to make the settlement either with the Zamindar or the cultivator.
Who is the father of judicial reforms in India?
Warren Hastings was the 1st Governor-General of Bengal. This article will share details about Warren Hastings and measures taken by him during his tenure; such as revenue reforms, judicial reforms, the abolition of the dual system etc.
Who introduced judicial reforms in India?
Judicial reforms were introduced by Lord Cornwallis (governor-general from 1786- 1793). The changes he made in 1787,1790,1793 were known as Judicial Plan.
Who was the first governor of free India?
Governor-General of India
|Viceroy and Governor-General of India|
|First holder||Lord William Bentinck (India) Warren Hastings (Fort William)|
|Final holder||Lord Mountbatten (February 1947 – August 1947; as Viceroy of India) Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1948–1950; as Governor-general of Dominion of India)|
|Abolished||26 January 1950|
Which judicial reform system did Lord Cornwallis adopt?
In 1790 the company took over the administration of justice from the nawab, and Cornwallis introduced a system of circuit courts with a superior court that met in Calcutta and had the power of review over circuit court decisions. Judges were drawn from the company’s European employees.
Who passed Pitt’s India Act?
the British Parliament
Pitt’s India Act 1784 or the East India Company Act 1784 was passed in the British Parliament to rectify the defects of the Regulating Act 1773. It resulted in dual control or joint government in India by Crown in Great Britain and the British East India Company, with crown having ultimate authority.
Who is the father judicial system?
Reforms under Warren Hastings (1772-1785 AD) Warren Hasting established, two court for resolving disputes –civil disputes for District Diwani Adalat and criminal disputes for District Fauzdari Adalats.
Who introduced judicial system in India?
The British ruled India for a period of almost about 190 years. Yet, the English set up a poor copy of the British judicial system as Indian judicial system. The judges , in pre-independence India, were the symbol of imperial power.
Who is the father of judiciary?
V. R. Krishna Iyer
|Justice V. R. Krishna Iyer|
|Born||15 November 1915 Palakkad, Madras Presidency, British India|
|Died||4 December 2014 (aged 99) Kochi, Kerala, India|
|Spouse(s)||Sarada ( m. 1941–1974)|
Who introduced judicial reforms in India in 1772?
Warren Hastings realized the immediate need to reform the current system. He appointed a committee consisting of the Governor and four council people. This committee was known as the “committee of circuit.” He also abolished the dual system of Government that Robert Clive introduced.