What is the meaning of M23 in Congo?

What is the meaning of M23 in Congo?

The current crisis erupted in November 2021, when the largely defunct March 23 Movement (M23) militant group carried out lightning strikes on military positions of the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC) in the villages of Chanzu and Runyonyi in North Kivu Province, just west of the Ugandan and …

What happened M23 rebels?

Witnesses told Human Rights Watch that on June 21, following fighting around the village of Ruvumu, M23 rebels summarily killed at least 17 civilians, including 2 teenagers, whom they accused of informing the Congolese army about their positions and hideouts.

Who is the founder of M23?

Mutineers formed a rebel group called the March 23 Movement (M23), also known as the Congolese Revolutionary Army. It was composed of former members of the rebel CNDP, and allegedly sponsored by the government of the neighbouring states of Rwanda and Uganda.

What is the M23 rebel group?

Named after a failed peace agreement signed on March 23, 2009, the M23 is the direct heir to three successive rebel movements—the Alliance of Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Congo, the Rally for Congolese Democracy, and the National Congress for the Defence of the People—rooted in the 1994 Rwandan genocide and …

Who is the leader of M23 rebels?

Colonel Sultani Makenga (born 25 December 1973 in Rutshuru, Zaire) is the military chief of the March 23 Movement, a rebel military group based in eastern areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Makenga is an ethnic Tutsi and was raised in South Kivu.

Is M23 Hutu or Tutsi?

Congo has accused Rwanda of supporting the M23, mainly comprising Congolese Tutsis, which Rwanda has long denied. And Rwanda has accused Congo of supporting the FDLR, a Hutu rebel group opposed to Tutsi influence, which Kinshasa denies.

Who is the leader of the M23 rebels?

Is Tutsi a M23?

The M23 is made up primarily of Tutsis and opposes the Hutu Power militia Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (a group that counts among its number the original members of the Interahamwe that carried out the 1994 Rwandan Genocide) as well as area Mai-Mai (community militias mostly created and supported by …

Why does Rwanda support M23?

The DRC and Rwanda have had strained relations since the mass influx of Rwandan Hutus accused of slaughtering Tutsis during the 1994 Rwanda genocide. The M23 was formed in 2012 claiming to defend the interests of Congolese Tutsis, a group sharing the ethnicity of Rwanda’s President Paul Kagame, against Hutu militias.

Is Rwanda helping M23?

A United Nations Group of Experts said it had “solid evidence” that Rwandan troops conducted military operations in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo between Nov. 2021 and July 2022 and that Rwanda has supported the M23 rebel group’s advance there.

Who were rebels mostly made of?

The rebel group was formed by former soldiers in the Congolese army, mostly ethnic Tutsis, but details are often murky.

Who is the leader of M23?

Why is it called M23?

The March 23 Movement (French language: Mouvement du 23-Mars), often abbreviated as M23 and also known as the Congolese Revolutionary Army, is a rebel military group based in eastern areas of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), mainly operating in the province of North Kivu.

What is the main religion in Rwanda?

Roman Catholic

The majority of Rwandans, about 65%, are Roman Catholic, with another 9% Protestant. Only about 1% of the population is Muslim. About a fourth of Rwandans are adherents of indigenous beliefs. However, these numbers and divisions are not clear cut.

What is the name of Congo capital?

KinshasaDemocratic Republic of the Congo / Capital

What not to wear in Rwanda?

Khaki, green, beige and neutral colours (dark blue and black clothing should be avoided, as it attracts Tsetse flies) Shirts with long sleeves (even in summer, as protection from the sun, mosquitoes and Tsetse flies)

Why is Rwanda so clean?

Rural areas in Rwanda are also clean. One reason for the country’s cleanliness is a decade-long ban on plastic bags. Other countries, like Kenya, have also outlawed plastic bags, and though last year’s ban there is largely enforced, litter still blights parts of Rwanda’s larger neighbor.

What was Congo called before?

The Democratic Republic of the Congo has been known in the past as, in chronological order, the Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, the Republic of the Congo-Léopoldville, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of Zaire, before returning to its current name the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

What is Congo famous for?

Congo is rich in natural resources. It boasts vast deposits of industrial diamonds, cobalt, and copper; one of the largest forest reserves in Africa; and about half of the hydroelectric potential of the continent.

Who is the richest person in Rwanda?

Egide Gatera is one of the wealthiest men in Rwanda, with a diverse range of interests. He is a founding shareholder of Societe Petroliere (SP), an oil company that imports and sells petroleum products in East Africa in collaboration with major oil companies such as BP, Shell, and BB Energy.

Is Kigali safe at night?

Kigali is generally regarded as relatively safe at night, but like in any big city or capital, vigilance is always important, and crime does occur at night. It’s best to avoid walking alone in badly-lit areas of the capital at night, and areas away from popular hot-spots.

What is the cleanest African country?

1. Kigali, Rwanda. Kigali, the capital of Rwanda, is the cleanest city in Africa. The city is clean because of the contribution of the government and the citizens.

Where is the cleanest city in Africa?

Due to various policy initiatives undertaken by the Rwandan government, Kigali has now emerged as the cleanest city in Africa.

What kind of people live in Congo?

About half of Congo’s inhabitants identify with the Kongo peoples, whose major subgroups include the Sundi, Kongo, Lali, Kougni, Bembe, Kamba, Dondo, Vili, and Yombe. The Ubangi peoples include the Makoua, Kouyou, Mboshi, Likouala, Ngala, and Bonga.

Is it safe to live in Congo?

The security situation in eastern DRC remains unstable. Armed groups are present and intercommunal violence can affect the political, security and humanitarian situation. There are continued reports of several towns in eastern DRC being attacked by or falling under temporary control of armed groups.