What is functional group in chemistry PDF?
A functional group is a defined grouping of atoms in an organic molecule. A given functional group exhibits a characteristic set of chemical properties, which are largely independent of the rest of the structure of the molecule in which it is found.
What are the names of the 5 functional groups?
Meet the (Most Important) Functional Groups. Functional groups are specific groupings of atoms within molecules that have their own characteristic properties, regardless of the other atoms present in a molecule. Common examples are alcohols, amines, carboxylic acids, ketones, and ethers.
What is COC functional group?
Homoatomic functional groups contain only carbon and hydrogen. They differ from alkyl groups only in having multiple C-C bonding. The C=C functional group is called an alkene. Simple compounds that contain C=C double bonds are also called alkenes.
What is functional group Class 11?
The atom or the group of atoms by which the characteristic reactions of organic compounds are determined, that atom or group of atoms is called the functional group.
What are the six main functional groups?
Hydroxyl, sulfhydryl, carbonyl, carboxyl, amino and phosphate groups.
How functional groups are named?
Functional groups have characteristic suffixes. Alcohols, for example, have ‘ol’ appended to the parent chain name, along with a number designating the location of the hydroxyl group. Ketones are designated by ‘one’.
What is C C group called?
C=C, C C and the polar bonds from carbon to heteroatoms are more reactive than C-C or C-H bonds and hence where the chemistry takes place. This part of the molecule is called the Functional Group.
How do you memorize priority order of functional groups?
The functional group which has a higher priority will be the one that lends its suffix to the name of the compound. Acids at the top of the series- Followed by Acid derivatives- Next the poisonous batch, the cyanides-Carbonyls-Alcohols-Amines-Hydrocarbons.
What are the basic functional groups?
What is functional group Toppr?
A Functional Group represents an atom/ group of atoms, bonded to carbon chain and it defines the chemical property of the organic compound. For example, −OH represents hydroxyl group that is functional group of an alcohol. Also −CHO represents an aldehyde.
What are the functional group explain with suitable example?
A functional group is a specific groups of atoms within molecules so that these molecules have similar chemical properties regardless of the other atoms present in the molecules. Examples of functional group include −OH group of alcohols, −NH2 group of amines, −COOH group of carboxylic acids, >C=O.