What is black spectatorship?
The manner in which black spectators may circumvent identification and resist the persuasive elements of Hollywood narrative and spectacle informs both a challenge to certain theories of specta- torship and the aesthetics of Afro-American independent cinema.
What is resistant spectatorship?
Resistant spectatorship contends that a person engaging with a media object, from a book to an online video, may be able to read it from one of three positions: dominant, negotiated, and oppositional.
What is black female spectatorship?
Black female spectatorship Looking implores a sense of power that is removed from the black female body, to play the role of object in direct relation to white female existence.
What is female spectatorship?
female spectator is brought to identify with a body that no longer carries. the signs of femininity. For “to de-sexualise the female body is ultimately. to deny its very existence” (p.19), and this, Doane argues, renders the. position of female spectatorship disembodied.
What is oppositional gaze bell hooks?
The “oppositional gaze”, first coined by feminist, scholar and social activist bell hooks in her 1992 essay collection Black Looks: Race and Representation, is a type of looking relation that involves the political rebellion and resistance against the repression of a black person’s right to look.
What is spectatorship?
spectatorship in British English (spɛkˈteɪtəʃɪp ) the state of being a spectator. Collins English Dictionary.
Can the female gaze exist?
Because the male gaze articulates the perspective of a male-dominated cultural status quo, one answer to the question of the female gaze is that it does not and cannot exist. A female-dominant culture would have to exist in order to theorize such a gaze, or at least a truly egalitarian one.
Why is the male gaze important?
Recognize the male gaze. We know that the male gaze objectifies female characters. But more importantly, the male gaze also reaffirms the power of the Patriarchy to use women as props in service of the heterosexual male narrative.
What is the queer gaze?
The “queer gaze,” meanwhile, remains less known and discussed as a creative perspective. A direct response to the oft unspoken of yet ever-present “straight gaze,” the queer gaze recognizes how lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer people create and view art.
Is spectatorship a real word?
Spectatorship definition Spectatorship is the act of watching something without taking part.
What is active spectatorship?
Meanwhile, active spectatorship could be understood as audiences negotiate with the filmmaker, creating meaning and interpreting the film in a particular way that is influenced by their experiences.
What does female gaze look like?
Essentially, the female gaze is the way that women are portrayed through the eyes of a woman instead of a man. Through the eyes of a woman, women are seen as people with feelings and intelligence. The focus isn’t necessarily on what the eye can see but on what the heart can feel.
What is a spectatorship?
spectatorship in British English (spɛkˈteɪtəʃɪp ) noun. the state of being a spectator.
What is spectatorship theory?
SPECTATORSHIP. In the 1970s and ’80s, film theorists developed ”spectator theory,” claiming to have found complex structures that underlie the movie- going experience, then showing that these structures were manipulated. by filmmakers (perhaps without fully understanding them) to promote.
What is the difference between passive and active spectatorship?
There are two main types of spectatorship: passive, in which the audience absorbs what is seen and respond in a way that the filmmakers, through a range of filmmaking techniques, tell them to respond, and active, in which the audience in involved in the film and actively encouraged to think about and interpret what is …
What is the female gazer?
The female gaze is a feminist theory term representing the gaze of the female spectator, character or director of an artistic work, but more than the gender it is an issue of representing women as subjects having agency. As such both genders can create films with a female gaze.
Who came up with spectatorship theory?
Stuart hall’s Reception Theory moves away from the previous two theories regarding passive audience spectatorship in film, turning towards ideas of active spectatorship and audience involvement in the media.