What does Craniocaudal mean in medical terms?
craniocaudal (not comparable) (anatomy) From the cranial to the caudal end of a structure.
What is cranio caudal dimension?
Craniocaudal diameters are measured in a horizontal line parallel to the abdominal wall (Fig. 1). In both planes, the upper margin of the liver is defined as the uppermost edge under the dome of the diaphragm, whereas the lower margin is defined as the lowermost edge of the lobe.
What is Craniocaudal view on mammogram?
The craniocaudal view (CC view), along with the MLO view, is one of the two standard projections in a screening mammography. It must show the medial part as well as the external lateral portion of the breast as much as possible.
What is normal size of liver Craniocaudal?
The proposed craniocaudal 2D RLL length was 13.0 ± 1.5 cm for females and 14.1 ± 1.3 cm for males whereas PAN RLL size was 13.7 ± 1.8 cm for females and 15.0 ± 1.1 cm for males.
What is Craniocaudal view in mammography?
What does asymmetry on a mammogram mean?
In mammography, an asymmetry is an area of increased density in 1 breast when compared to the corresponding area in the opposite breast. Most asymmetries are benign or caused by summation artifacts because of typical breast tissue superimposition during mammography, but an asymmetry can indicate breast cancer.
What does it mean to have extremely dense breasts?
Your breasts are made up of fibrous tissue (or connective tissue), glandular tissue (the type of tissue that produces milk), and fatty tissue. If you’re told you have dense breasts, this means that you have more fibrous and glandular tissue and less fatty tissue than women who don’t have dense breasts.
What are the 2 typical views used in mammography?
There are two standard views of the breast taken during mammography. Craniocaudal, or “CC view” (taken from top-down, shown on left), and mediolateral oblique, or “MLO view” (taken from the side at an angle, shown on right).
Where is your transverse plane?
The transverse plane (axial or X-Z plane) divides the body into superior and inferior (head and tail) portions. It is typically a horizontal plane through the center of the body and is parallel to the ground.
What is meant by transverse in biology?
transverse. lying or being across, or in a crosswise direction; athwart; often opposed to longitudinal. (Science: geometry) Transverse axis (of an ellipse or hyperbola), that axis which passes through the foci.
What size is considered enlarged liver?
Hepatomegaly is a condition in which the liver is enlarged, generally greater than 15 centimeters in the midclavicular line. However, normal liver size varies by person depending on the person’s sex, age, height, weight, and body size.
Should I be worried about asymmetry in mammogram?
A common abnormality seen on mammogram results is breast asymmetry. Breast asymmetry is usually no cause for concern. However, if there’s a large variation in asymmetry or if your breast density suddenly changes, this could be an indication of cancer.
Is asymmetry a mass?
By definition, a focal asymmetric density is seen on two mammographic views but cannot be accurately identified as a true mass (,,,Fig 4). Although a focal asymmetric density may represent normal breast tissue, further evaluation is often warranted to exclude a true mass or architectural distortion.
Are fatty breasts the same as dense breasts?
Breast tissue is composed of milk glands, milk ducts and supportive tissue (dense breast tissue), and fatty tissue (nondense breast tissue). When viewed on a mammogram, women with dense breasts have more dense tissue than fatty tissue. On a mammogram, nondense breast tissue appears dark and transparent.
What is a 3 D mammogram?
Overview. A 3D mammogram (breast tomosynthesis) is an imaging test that combines multiple breast X-rays to create a three-dimensional picture of the breast. A 3D mammogram is used to look for breast cancer in people who have no signs or symptoms.