What can an occupational therapist do for a stroke patient?

What can an occupational therapist do for a stroke patient?

Occupational therapists can not only plan a program of stroke rehab exercises to improve cognition, but also help come up with practical strategies to work around limitations. The patient might try breaking up activities into more manageable parts, use daily planners, and rely on other compensatory strategies.

What are good activities for stroke patients?

Puzzles and games – jigsaws, crosswords, sudoku, playing board games or computer games. Reading – books or newspapers or magazines. Needlecraft – books, newspapers or magazines (these may be available in different formats such as large print or audio). Sport and physical activity – watching or taking part.

What are OT intervention strategies?

In occupational therapy, occupations and activities interventions refer to specific activities that can be done every day or have therapeutic purposes. For example, someone recovering from a stroke needs assistance in how to take a shower while using adaptive equipment.

What are 3 therapies most people need after having a stroke?

What is stroke rehabilitation? Rehab can include working with speech, physical, and occupational therapists. Speech therapy helps people who have problems producing or understanding speech. Physical therapy uses exercises to help you relearn movement and coordination skills you may have lost because of the stroke.

What are the 4 major areas of focus when working with a CVA patient in OT?

But, if you keep these four areas in mind — UE management planning, early mobilization of the UE, functional vision and functional cognition — you can be confident that you are off to the right start using these strategies for your stroke clients, in acute care and beyond.

Why should stroke survivors work with occupational therapy?

Occupational therapy plays an important role in your rehabilitation and recovery process following a stroke. After a stroke, you may experience a wide range of deficits that have a significant impact on your everyday life.

What are three types of post stroke rehabilitation therapies?

Physical activities might include:

  • Motor-skill exercises. Exercises can help improve muscle strength and coordination throughout the body.
  • Mobility training. You might learn to use mobility aids, such as a walker, canes, wheelchair or ankle brace.
  • Constraint-induced therapy.
  • Range-of-motion therapy.

How do occupational therapists reduce spasticity?

The most commonly indicated treatments for spasticity, in descending order, were positioning, prolonged muscle stretching, splinting, motor-level stimulation, other treatment modalities (options not listed), vibration, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), traction, and prolonged icing (see Table 2).

What is good for stroke recovery?

Some of the best foods for stroke recovery are whole foods like vegetables, nuts, and whole grains. It may also help to limit saturated fat and sugar intake, as these foods limit “neuronal and behavioral plasticity.” Also, be sure that your diet is rich in vitamins for stroke recovery.

How do you stimulate brain activity after a stroke?

Classic board games and card games are great cognitive exercises for stroke recovery. To stimulate the cognitive skills of scanning, deductive reasoning, split attention and organization, consider Checkers, Connect Four, Rumikub, Mahjong, Rush Hour, Set, Blink, Spot It, or Qwirkle.

What are the 5 general treatment approaches used in OT practice?


  • Create/promote.
  • Establish/restore (remediate)
  • Maintain.
  • Modify/compensation, Adaptation.
  • Prevent.

What are the 5 approaches to intervention?

The five major steps to intervention are the “5 A’s”: Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, and Arrange.

What are 3 treatments for a stroke?

Emergency treatment of hemorrhagic stroke focuses on controlling the bleeding and reducing pressure in the brain caused by the excess fluid.

Treatment options include:

  • Emergency measures.
  • Surgery.
  • Surgical clipping.
  • Coiling (endovascular embolization).
  • Surgical AVM removal.
  • Stereotactic radiosurgery.

What are 2 types of therapy often needed after a stroke?

Stroke survivors may require: Speech therapy. Physical therapy and strength training. Occupational therapy (relearning skills required for daily living)

What helps stroke patients recover faster?

How to Increase the Chance of Fast Stroke Recovery

  • Don’t Overdo Physical Activity. Exercise is crucial because it increases the flow of blood and oxygen throughout the brain.
  • Follow a Healthy Diet. Creating more neurons is the key to quick stroke recovery.
  • Get Plenty of Rest.
  • Use Respite Care.

What are the 3 levels of rehabilitation?

The three main types of rehabilitation therapy are occupational, physical and speech. Each form of rehabilitation serves a unique purpose in helping a person reach full recovery, but all share the ultimate goal of helping the patient return to a healthy and active lifestyle.

How do you reduce spasticity after a stroke?

Regular stretching with a wide range of motion is helpful. Regular exercise of the affected limbs is beneficial. Braces or splints may help to hold a muscle in place and stop it from contracting. Shots of botulinum toxin into spastic muscles in the upper and lower limbs can bring relief.

What is the best treatment for spasticity?

Local injections of botulinum toxin (Botox®) or phenol into spastic muscles can be very effective for treating spasticity. These shots can selectively reduce tone in muscles causing the most tightness or spasm.

What are good brain exercises?

6 Great Brain Exercises to Try

  • Do a Crossword Puzzle.
  • Play an Online Brain Game.
  • Start a Jigsaw Puzzle.
  • Build a Model or Start a Knitting Project.
  • Join a Card Game.
  • Learn Some New Dance Moves.

Can the brain regenerate after a stroke?

The brain has a limited capacity for recovery after stroke. Unlike other organs such as the liver and skin, the brain does not regenerate new connections, blood vessels or tissue structures after it is damaged.

What are purposeful activities in occupational therapy?

Purposeful activities—tasks that are part of daily routines and hold meaning, relevance, and perceived utility such as personal care, home management, school, and work—are a core premise of occupational therapy.

What are the three types of intervention?

Different Types of Interventions

  • Knowing the different types of interventions is important in treating substance use disorders and mental illness.
  • #1: Simple Intervention.
  • #2: Classic Intervention.
  • #3: Family System Intervention.
  • #4: Crisis Intervention.

What are compensatory strategies OT?

Compensatory Techniques are strategies used to help people perform tasks in an alternative manner or by using adaptive aids so that they can be more independent. Compensatory techniques also help people learn new tasks.

How can I help a stroke patient recover?

Stroke recovery may require the help of caregivers, but if there are things that you can safely do by yourself, insist on it. Exercise regularly. Physical activity, especially a low-impact one like walking, is proven to boost mental health and will also contribute to your recovery.

What is the fastest way to recover from a brain stroke?

Learn how you can help your ageing loved one recover from a stroke quickly.

  1. Don’t Overdo Physical Activity. Exercise is crucial because it increases the flow of blood and oxygen throughout the brain.
  2. Follow a Healthy Diet. Creating more neurons is the key to quick stroke recovery.
  3. Get Plenty of Rest.
  4. Use Respite Care.