What are the functions of the Greater and Lesser trochanters of the femur?

What are the functions of the Greater and Lesser trochanters of the femur?

Specifically, the greater trochanter is larger and serves as an attachment to muscles including the gluteus medius and minimus, piriformis, obturator internus and externus, and gemelli muscles. The lesser trochanter serves as an attachment to muscles such as the psoas major and iliacus muscles.

Where is the lesser trochanter?


The lesser trochanter is a small protuberance of bone that projects from the posterior aspect of the femur, inferomedially at the base of the femoral neck.

What muscle attaches at the lesser trochanter?

psoas major muscle
psoas major: The psoas major muscle arises from the bodies of the second to sixth lumbar vertebrae. The muscle is inserted into the lesser trochanter of the femur.

What is lesser trochanter femur?

The lesser trochanter is a pyramidal process that projects medially from the shaft of the femur and receives insertion of the iliopsoas muscle. Isolated fracture or detachment of the lesser trochanter is an infrequent occurrence and is most commonly seen secondary to avulsion in adolescent athletes.

What is the function of the greater trochanter?

The position of the greater trochanter influences the mechanical stress of the hip joint, the extent of contraction of the gluteus medius and minimus muscles, and the mechanical stress of the femoral neck.

What is the purpose of the trochanter?

A trochanter is a tubercle of the femur near its joint with the hip bone. In humans and most mammals, the trochanters serve as important muscle attachment sites.

Is the lesser trochanter part of the hip joint?

Trochanter: This is part of the upper femur. There is a large outer bony prominence called the Greater Trochanter and a smaller one inside the groin called the Lesser Trochanter. The part that you can feel as the outermost bit of the hip that you lie on is the Greater Trochanter.

Is the lesser trochanter palpable?

The ischial tuberosity lies on the same transverse plane as the lesser trochanter, which is not palpable and arises from the posterior medial surface of the proximal femur.

How do you palpate lesser trochanter?

The lesser trochanter attachment of the femoral belly can sometimes be successfully palpated with the client in side-lying position. To palpate the right-side femoral belly, the client lies on their right side with the right thigh in partial flexion at the hip joint and the right leg flexed at the knee joint.

What is the purpose of a trochanter?

Where are the greater and lesser trochanter projections located?

The greater trochanter can be felt just under the skin on the lateral side of your upper thigh. The lesser trochanter is a small, bony prominence that lies on the medial aspect of the femur, just below the neck.

What is greater trochanter of the hip?

The greater trochanter is located at the top of the thighbone (femur) and is the most prominent and widest part of the hip.

Why does my trochanter hurt when I walk?

The most common cause of greater trochanteric pain syndrome is repeated use or overuse of the hip muscles. This can occur with frequent walking or running, suddenly increasing the amount of exercise, or standing on one leg for a long time.

What’s another name for trochanter?

Trochanter synonyms
In this page you can discover 3 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for trochanter, like: tuberosity, omentum and deltoid.

How do you palpate a lesser trochanter?

How big is the lesser trochanter?

The width of ischiofemoral space was measured and its relationship with the lesser trochanter version was determined. The mean lesser trochanter version was −24° ± 11.5° (range, − 54° to + 17°) with a coefficient variation of 47.45%.

What is the Definition of trochanteric?

1. Any of several bony processes on the upper part of the femur of many vertebrates. 2. The second proximal segment of the leg of an insect. [New Latin, from Greek trokhantēr, ball of the hip joint, from trekhein, to run.]

What causes psoas syndrome?

The cause of psoas syndrome may be due to various diagnoses, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, idiopathic, injury, overuse, and postoperatively following hip replacement. The history and physical exam may reveal that the patient has psoas syndrome.

What muscle attaches to the greater trochanter?

Abductor Dysfunction
The greater trochanter is the attachment site for five muscles: the gluteus medius, gluteus minimus, piriformis, obturator externus, and obturator internus.

Is walking good for trochanteric bursitis?

Avoid High-Impact Activities
Running and jumping can make hip pain from arthritis and bursitis worse, so it’s best to avoid them. Walking is a better choice, advises Humphrey.

What is the best exercise for trochanteric bursitis?


  • Lie on your side, with your affected leg on top and your head propped on a pillow. Keep your feet and knees together and your knees bent.
  • Raise your top knee, but keep your feet together. Do not let your hips roll back.
  • Hold for 6 seconds.
  • Slowly lower your knee back down.
  • Repeat 8 to 12 times.

What does the word trochanteric mean?

What is trochanteric fracture?

Definition. Trochanteric fracture involves the proximal femur between the cervical region and the shaft. Subtrochanteric fracture, with a fracture line running from an area within 5 cm distal to the lesser trochanter, is usually also included in the definition [6].

Is the lesser trochanter medial or lateral?

The lesser trochanter – A pyramidal prominence that projects from the proximal (near) and medial (inside) part of the shaft of the femur. The lesser trochanter is also called the minor trochanter, the inner trochanter, and the medial process of the femur.

Where do you feel psoas pain?

When you have a tight (or short) psoas muscle, you may experience pain in your lower back or in your hips, especially when lifting your legs. This is caused by the muscle compressing the discs in the lumbar region of your back.